The medical profile of individuals with Williams syndrome is highly variable. Common medical characteristics include cardiovascular issues, kidney anomalies, and gastrointestinal problems. These issues can range from mild to severe when evident but no issue affects everyone. Individuals with Williams syndrome need regular monitoring for potential medical problems by a physician familiar with the disorder.
Williams syndrome is a contiguous gene syndrome, which means that all of the deleted genes "line up" within the Williams syndrome "critical region" of 26-28 genes. There are two DNA tests that can determine if a person has Williams syndrome. The FISH test and the Microarray.